what specific start and end dates?

what specific start and end dates

Every year, the Jewish New Year, aka “Roch Hashana”, opens “Shana Tova”: a ten-day period of vows and meditation for believers of the Jewish faith in France and abroad, until Yom Kippur.

[Mis à jour le 20 septembre 2022 à 16h48] The Jewish New Year is called “Roch Hashanah” in Hebrew. In 2022, the dates and times of the “Shana Tova” (Happy New Year) festivity for the Jewish religious community are extended from Sunday September 25 to Tuesday September 27, 2022. In Paris, “Roch Hashanah” begins more precisely on Sunday September 25 at 7:26 p.m., and ends on Tuesday September 27 at 8:25 p.m. “Shana Tova” corresponds to the wishes exchanged by Jews in France and around the world as they enter the new year of the Hebrew calendar, which in 2022 is the 5783rd. From Rosh Hashanah, beyond the festivities of the two days mentioned just before, a period of recollection of 10 days is observed until “Yom Kippur“, aka the “Day of Atonement“, see our special file), which takes place from Tuesday evening October 4 and until Wednesday October 5 in 2022.

Rosh Hashanah, beginning of 10 days of penance

The holiday of Rosh Hashanah is thus a pivotal period for the Jewish community. It is supposed to symbolize both the memory of the creation of the world, but also the beginning of the judgment of humanity. Judgment which demands penance from men before the great pardon. Rosh Hashana is therefore characterized by numerous religious services in the synagogues, where the faithful are called in numbers by means of a ram’s horn (the shophar). As in other religious traditions, the new year is an opportunity to examine your conscience and make good resolutions for the period ahead. Indeed, in the Jewish religious tradition, it is at this time of the year that the judgment of God arrives. That’s why Rosh Hashanah marks the beginning of ten days of penance, ending on Yom Kippur, when God is more easily found.

The two days of festivities are generally a holiday for believers, who share rich family meals before a more austere period. Honey, figs, dates, apples or squash are among the ritual foods of these festive meals. A very strict set of prayers (the Selichos) must also be followed. A prayer (Tachlikh) is particularly important during this New Year : it is pronounced near a water point where, in theory, fish are supposed to swim. According to tradition, Jews must empty their pockets there or take out a handkerchief to “empty their sins”.

There are several ways to wish each other a happy new year in Jewish traditions. Before Rosh Hashanah, people wish each other “Ketiva va’hatima tova”, meaning “A good inscription and a good seal [dans le Livre de la Vie]”. On the evening of Rosh Hashanah, on returning from the synagogue, it is traditional to wish each other: “Lechana tova tikatev vete’hatem”. It means: “May you be inscribed and sealed ) for a good year”.