What are varicose veins and why does it happen? Varicose vein symptoms and treatment

It will take place on April 8 Warning from scientists

Varicose veins are not only an aesthetic concern but can also cause discomfort and even pain. Symptoms such as pain, heaviness, burning, itching and swelling in the legs are among the common symptoms of varicose veins. However, in advanced cases, skin color changes, vascular ruptures and even ulcerations may occur. There are many effective treatment options to reduce the appearance of varicose veins and control symptoms.

Varicose veins are a condition defined as enlarged and twisted veins that appear purple or bluish in color, usually appearing on the legs and feet. This condition occurs when the blood vessels lose their elasticity and the backflow of blood increases. Although varicose veins are generally considered an aesthetic concern, in some cases they can cause symptoms such as pain, feeling of heaviness, swelling, itching and even skin color changes.

What causes varicose veins?

Varicose veins usually occur as a result of weakening or damage of blood vessels. This can result in vessel walls that prevent blood from flowing backwards or are not as elastic as they should normally be. Factors that contribute to the formation of varicose veins include:

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Age and gender
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • hormonal changes

Although varicose veins are usually seen in older people, young people can also have varicose veins. In answer to the question of what causes varicose veins at a young age, we can say the following:

Young people with a family history of varicose veins may experience varicose veins at an early age. Hormonal changes that occur in the body, especially during adolescence and pregnancy, can also cause varicose veins. Hormonal medications can also cause varicose veins. In addition, factors such as long-term inactivity and unhealthy lifestyle can also cause varicose veins at a young age.

Symptoms of varicose veins may vary from person to person, and some people may not experience any symptoms at all. However, it is important for people who notice the symptoms of varicose veins to consult a doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins can help prevent their progression and relieve symptoms. Symptoms of varicose veins include:

  • Enlarged and twisted, purple or bluish veins on the legs
  • Feeling of pain and heaviness
  • swelling in the legs
  • Itching and burning
  • cramps
  • Skin color changes or spots on the skin

How is varicose veins treated?

Many methods are used in the treatment of varicose veins. Various treatment options such as compression stockings, exercise programs, keeping the legs elevated, sclerotherapy, laser treatment and surgical intervention are used in the management of varicose veins. The most appropriate varicose vein treatment method is determined according to the size and prevalence of the varicose veins and the general health condition of the patient. Some methods used in the treatment of varicose veins are listed as follows:

  • Medication can be injected to close varicose veins.
  • Varicose veins can be burned with laser treatment.
  • Varicose veins can be closed with radio wave therapy.
  • Injections can be made into varicose veins with foam therapy.
  • Compression socks can be used to reduce the pressure on varicose veins.
  • In some cases, surgical varicose vein treatment may be appropriate.

Which varicose veins are dangerous?

The danger of varicose veins varies depending on their location, size and symptoms they cause. Types of varicose veins that can be dangerous include:

  • Deep vein thrombosis, which occurs in the deep veins of the leg
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis, which occurs in the superficial veins of the leg
  • Varicose ulcer, which is an open sore in the skin on the leg

This information is for informational purposes only. If you have a medical question, it is important to consult your doctor.