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UN investigators assess that Ethiopia’s government was behind crimes against humanity in the war-torn region of Tigray.
In its first report, the UN International Commission of Human Rights Experts in Ethiopia – established by the UN Human Rights Council in December last year – writes that it found evidence of widespread violations by all parties in the conflict that broke out in November 2020.
The experts in the commission consider it reasonable to assume that these violations on several occasions constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity. Their list of alleged abuses is long – from extrajudicial executions to planned starvation, rape and other sexual violence on a “staggering scale”.
In particular, the government and its allies are singled out for denying around six million people access to basic services such as the internet and banking.
Authorities in Tigray say of the report that the rebel side has always maintained that the Ethiopian government was responsible for crimes against humanity in the region.
Earlier this year, the human rights organizations Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International considered that extensive abuses against civilians, mainly in the western parts of Tigray, should be classified as war crimes and crimes against humanity.