The Sahel is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and the World Bank warns that 13.5 million Sahelians could slide into poverty in the coming decades if nothing is done to adapt economies to climate change. The World Bank estimates, in a report on climate and development, that it is necessary to invest at least 16 billion dollars in the short term in the five countries of the Sahel to counteract the effects of climate change.
The countries of the Sahel contribute only marginally to global warming (1% of greenhouse gas emissions), but they pay a high price : increase in temperature, droughts, soil degradation. The World Bank’s national report on climate and development recommends injecting 16 billion dollars over the next eight years to curb these phenomena.
Siméon Etui is the regional director for sustainable development at the World Bank: “ Our study clarifies this very clearly. For example, in energy, we need three billion dollars. In agriculture and irrigation, three billion. In water and sanitation, five billion dollars. In environment, a billion and so on. And it all comes down to about 16 billion dollars, which we need. »
And again, this estimate is the bottom of the scale since it would take up to 80 billion dollars over the next 25 years for the benefit of the 160 million Sahelians. The World Bank has already disbursed nearly $8 billion in these adaptation programs.
” For example, we invest in the Kandadji dam in Niger, pursues Simeon Etui. Which will not only retain water for energy, but will also retain water for agriculture in the area. »
Food security, irrigation and soil restoration, the World Bank’s adaptation policy aims to be global and transnational. It also offers its expertise to States which do not always have the means to plan their actions.
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