Researchers have reconstructed human faces from the Bronze Age

Researchers have reconstructed human faces from the Bronze Age

The origin of the individuals of El Argar society, during the Spanish Bronze Age, has been refined. The preservation of human remains has also made it possible to virtually reconstruct the faces of certain individuals.

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The advent ofBronze Age south-east ofSpain (2,200 to 1,550 years BC) was notably marked by the abandonment of large fortified sites and the establishment of smaller residential areas on top of hills and by the abandonment of mass graves in favor of individual graves. The culture of El Argar characteristic of this period and this geographical area is one of the examples of complex societies of the prehistory European, due to a visible social hierarchy, for example through the offerings placed in the graves.

Faces and an origin more and more clear

A study published in the newspaper Science Advances recalls that the society of El Argar was characterized by intramural burials, the construction of buildings with apses, the use of halberds and the interment, mainly of children, in terracotta vessels. Virtual reconstructions of the faces of individuals from this El Argar culture buried in La Almoloya (south-eastern Spain) were made possible thanks to the good conservation of human remains in the graves.

Virtual reconstructions of the faces of individuals from La Almoloya and La Bastida (south-eastern Spain).  © Joana Bruno;  Asome;  Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.  All rights reserved

Through analysis DNA of 136 individuals who have lived in Spain between 3,300 and 1,000 years BC, the study made it possible to better understand the origin of the individuals who made up the culture of El Argar. The latter came from several populations originating in the north and the center of Spain, which themselves presented an ancestry of populations of the Eurasian steppe.

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