History retains three industrial revolutions: the first appears at the end of the 18th century.e century in the United Kingdom, the second at the end of the XIXe century in the United States and Germany, and the third at the end of the XXe century in the United States and Japan.
At the end of the XVIIIe century in the United Kingdom, the massive extraction ofallows the invention of the steam engine and gives rise to new industries, especially textiles. As early as 1800, numerous patents led to the commercialization of mechanized in the United Kingdom then in France. Moreover, the work of the progresses new appear, the then the steel industry promotes of bridges then, in the middle of the XIXe century, the development of the railway.
The second and third industrial revolutions are global
The second industrial revolution appeared between 1890 and 1910 in Germany and on the east coast of the United States. The extraction ofthen the invention of electricity made it possible to adapt the materials in vogue (the and aluminum) to high-tech industries. The area explodes in Europe and a few states in the eastern United States.
The third industrial revolution appeared between 1970 and 2000 on the west coast of the United States and in Japan. Electricity of nuclear origin motivates research, brings out revolutionary materials (resins,, ceramics) and participates in the worldwide dissemination of new means of transmission ( ).